Department of Philosophy

På Svenska

Paul Needham





Paul Needham gained his B.Sc. (chemistry) and M.A. (philosophy) at the university of Birmingham, and his doctorate from the university of Uppsala. He has previously worked on time and tense, causation and subjunctive conditionals, and various topics in the history and philosophy of science. His interests include epistemology, metaphysical issues relating to time and modality, and Quine's philosophy. Recent work has been concerned with issues related to the work of Pierre Duhem - particularly in connection with his role in the establishment of the field of physical chemistry around the turn of the century - and with Aristotelian and Stoic theories of matter.


Principal Publications

•    “Unearthing a buried memory: Steffano Bordoni, Duhem's third pathway to thermodynamics, Urbino: Editrice Montefeltro, 2012, 288pp.”, Metascience, Forthcoming.

•     “Nineteenth-century chemical theory: Correction of a misunderstanding”, Foundations of Chemistry, forthcoming.

•    “What Does Hydrogen Bonding Say About the Nature of Chemical Bonding?, in Dennis Dieks and Vassilios Karakostas, eds., EPSA Philosophy of Science: Athens 2011forthcoming.

•    The Source of Chemical Bonding, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science45C (2014), 1–13.

•    “The Rise of Quantum Chemistry: Symposium on Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simoes, Neither Physics nor Chemistry”, with Hasok Chang, Jeremiah James, Paul Needham, Kostas Gavroglu and Ana Simoes, Metascience, 22 (2013), 523–544.

•    “Questioning the Justification of Past Science: Review article—Hasok Chang, Is Water H2O?”,  International Studies in the Philosophy of Science27 (2013), 85–93.

•   “Process and Change: From a Thermodynamic Perspective”, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 64 (2013), 395-422.

•    Hydrogen Bonding: Homing in on a Tricky Concept, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 44 (2013), 51-66.

•    Mereological Structure in Chemical Substances and Their Transformations: An Analytic Perspective on the Historical Development of These Concepts, in Jean-Pierre Llored, ed., The Philosophy of Chemistry: Practices, Methodologies and Concepts, Cambridge Scholar Publishing, Cambridge, pp. 527-57. Pre-publication pdf, without the errors in the published version introduced after the submission of proofs.

•    “Natural Kind Thingamajigs”, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science26 (2012), 97-101.

•    The Phase Rule and the Notion of Substance, in Henk de Regt, Stephan Hartman and Samir Okasha, eds., EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009, Springer, Dordrecht, 2012; pp. 253-62.

•    “Pierre Duhem (1861-1916)”“Modality, Mereology and Substance” and Compounds and Mixtures” in Robin Findlay Hendry, Paul Needham and Andrea J. Woody, eds., Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 6: Philosophy of Chemistry, Elsevir, Amsterdam, 2011. (Pp.113-24, 232-54 and 271-90.)

•    Pierre Duhem, Commentary on the Principles of Thermodynamics, translated, and with an Introduction, by Paul Needham, Series: Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 277; Springer, Dordrecht, 2011.

•    with Michael Weisberg and Robin Hendry, Philosophy of Chemistry”, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, first published on March 14, 2011.

•    “Duhem's Moderate Realism”, in Anastasios Brenner, Paul Needham, David J. Stump and Robert Deltete, “New Perspectives on Duhem's Aim and Structure of Physical Theory”, Metascience, 20 (2011), 1-25.

•    “Microessentialism: What is the Argument?, Nous, 45 (2011), 1-21. pdf file

•    “A Mereological Interpretation of the Phase Rule”, Philosophy of Science, 77 (2010), 900-10.

•  with Alan Chalmers, Rom Harré and Eric Scerri, “A Revisionist History of Atomism”, Metascience, 19 (2010), 349-71.

•  with Michael Weisberg,  “Matter, Structure and Change: Aspects of the Philosophy of Chemistry”, Philosophy Compass, 5 (2010), 927-37.

•   “Substance and Time”, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 61 (2010), 485-512.

•    Nagel's Analysis of Reduction: Comments in Defence as Well as Critique”,  Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 41 (2010), 163-70.

•    Transient Things and Permanent Stuff, Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 88 (2010), 147-66.

•    “Water and the Development of the Concept of Chemical Substance, in T. Tvedt and T. Oestigaard, eds., A History of Water, Vol. 4: The Ideas of Water from Antiquity to Modern Times, I. B. Tauris, London, 2010; pp. 86-123. pdf file

•    An Aristotelian Theory of Chemical Substance, Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy, 12 (2009), 149-64.

•    Reduction and Emergence: A Critique of KimPhilosophical Studies146 (2009), 93-116.

•    “Making Theorem-Proving in Modal Logic Easy, in Logic, Ethics and All That Jazz: Essays in Honour of Howard Sobel, ed. by Lars-Göran Johansson, Jan Österberg and Rysiek Sliwinski, Uppsala Philosophical Studies, No. 57, Department of Philosophy, University of Uppsala, 2009; pp. 187-202. pdf file

•    “Resisting Chemical Atomism: Duhem's Argument, Philosophy of Science, 75 (2008), 921-31.

•     Is Water a Mixture?—Bridging the Distinction Between Physical and Chemical Properties, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 39 (2008), 66-77.

•    with Robin Findlay Hendry, “Le Poidevin on the Reduction of Chemistry”, British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 58 (2007), 339-53.

•     “Macroscopic Mixtures”, Journal of Philosophy104 (2007), 26-52.

•     “Ontological Reduction: Comment on Lombardi and Labarca”, Foundations of Chemistry, 8 (2006), 73-80.

•     “Substance and Modality”, Philosophy of Science, 73 (2006), 829-40.

•    "Om vatten och reduktion", Filosofisk Tidskrift, 27 (2006), 24-45.

•     “Aristotle’s Theory of Chemical Reaction and Chemical Substances”, in Davis Baird, Eric Scerri and Lee McIntyre, eds., Philosophy of Chemistry: Synthesis of a New Discipline, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Springer, 2006; pp. 43-67.
        Romanian translation

•    ”Mixtures and Modality”, Foundations of Chemistry, 7 (2005), 103-118.

•    "Generation and Destruction of Chemical Substances: An Exposition of the Aristotelian Conception", in Danuta Sobcynska, Pawel Zeidler and Ewa Zielonacka-Lis, eds., Chemistry in the Philosophical Melting Pot, in the series: Dia-Logos: Studies in Philosophy and Social Sciences, Peter Lang Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften, Frankfurt am Main, 2004: pp. 357-393.

•    "Mixture and Chemical Combination and Related Essays: A Response to Robert Deltete and Anastasios Brenner", Foundations of Chemistry, 6 (2004), 233-245.

•    "When did Atoms Begin to do any Explanatory Work in Chemistry?", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 18 (2004), 199-219.

•    "Has Daltonian Atomism Provided Chemistry with any Explanations?”, Philosophy of Science, 71 (2004), 1038-47.

•    "Om reduktion", Sats—Nordic Journal of Philosophy, 5 (2004), 69-91.

•    "Chemical Substances and Intensive Properties", Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 988 (2003), 99-113.

•    "Continuants and Processes in Macroscopic Chemistry", Axiomathes, 14 (2004), 251-279. Reprinted in Process Theories: Cross-Disciplinary Studies on Dynamic Categories, ed. by J. Seibt, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2003, pp. 237-65.

•    "Duhem's Theory of Mixture in the Light of the Stoic Challenge to the Aristotelian Conception", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 33 (2002), 685-708.

•    "The discovery that water is H20", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 16 (2002), 205-226.

•    Pierre Duhem, Mixture and Chemical Combination, and Related Essays, translated and edited, with an Introduction by Paul Needham, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 2002.

•    "Duhem and Quine", Dialectica, 54 (2000), 109-132.

•     "Hot Stuff", in Jan Faye, Uwe Scheffler and Max Urchs, eds., Facts, Things, Events, Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities, Vol. 72, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 2000, 423-449.

•    "Reduction in Chemistry: a second response to Scerri", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 14 (2000), 317-323.

•    "What is Water?", Analysis, 60 (2000), 13-21.

•    "Reduction and Abduction in Chemistry: A Response to Scerri", International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, 13 (1999), 165-180.

•    "Macroscopic Processes", Philosophy of Science, 66 (1999), 310-331.

•    "Duhem's Physicalism", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 29 (1998), 33-62.

•    "Notes on Temperature", in L. Lindahl, P. Needham and R. Sliwinski, eds., For Good Measure: Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Jan Odelstad on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday, Philosophical Studies, vol. 46, Uppsala, 1997.

•    "Fleeting Things and Permanent Stuff", in Jan Faye, Uwe Scheffler and Max Urchs, eds., Perspectives on Time, Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 189, Kluwer, 1997, 119-141.

•    "Substitution: Duhem's Explication of a Chemical Paradigm", Perspectives on Science, 4 (1996), 408-33.

•    "Aristotelian Chemistry: A Prelude to Duhemian Metaphysics", Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, 26 (1996), 251-269.

•    "Macroscopic Objects: An Exercise in Duhemian Ontology", Philosophy of Science, 63 (1996), 204-223.

•    "Reconciling Micro- and Macro-Perspectives" in Peter Janich and Nikos Psarros, eds., Die Sprache der Chemie, Könighausen und Neumann, Würzburg, 1996.

•    "Tid" och "Tidslogik", Nationalencyklopedin, vol. 17, Bra Böcker, 1995.

•    "Duhems quineska realism", Filosofisk Tidskrift, 16 (1995), 26-40.

•    "The Causal Connective", pdf file in Jan Faye, Uwe Scheffler and Max Urchs, eds., Logic and Causal Reasoning, Akademie Verlag, Berlin, 1994.

•     "Stuff", Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 71 (1993), 270-90.

•    "Duhem and Cartwright on the Truth of Laws", Synthese, 89 (1991), 89-109.

•    "Spatio-Temporal Analogies" in Sten Lindström and Wlodzimierz Rabinowicz, eds., In So Many Words: Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Sven Danielsson, Philosophical Studies, Uppsala, 1989. pdf file

•    "Causation: Relation or Connective?", Dialectica, 42 (1988), 201-19.

•    "Underbestämning av underbestämningstesen: en jämförelse av van Fraassen med Poincaré, Quine och Cartwright", in Lennart Nordenfelt and Ingemar Nordin, eds.,Vetenskap, etik, samhälle, Linköping, 1987.

•    "Gregg's Paradox and Cladistic Taxonomy" in Paul Needham and Jan Odelstad, eds., Changing Positions: Essays Dedicated to Lars Lindahl, Philosophical Studies, Uppsala, 1986.

•    "Would Cause", Acta Philosophica Fennica, 38 (1985), 156-82.

•    "Temporal Intervals and Temporal Order", Logique et Analyse, 93 (1981), 49-64.

•    "The Speaker's Point of View", Synthese, 32 (1976), 309-27.

•    Temporal Perspective: A Logical Analysis of Temporal Reference in English, Philosophical          Studies, Uppsala, 1975.